He was a pioneer, a creative genius and possibly the greatest entrepreneur of our time.
Steve Jobs was also a rebel. He refused to follow the crowd, believing that innovation should lead the market, rather than the other way round. "A lot of times, people don't know what they want until you show it to them," he once said.
The Apple founder's impact on the world is monumental. Not only did he produce some of the most groundbreaking technology the world has ever seen, he also transformed his hometown of Silicon Valley into a global centre of innovation, inspiring a host of other technology companies.
Jobs' back story is truly inspirational. He was a college dropout but didn't let a lack of qualifications stand in his way. He teamed up with close friend Steve Wozniak to found Apple from his garage back in 1976. Over 35 years, the company has gone from strength to strength: when Jobs stepped down as CEO in August this year, Apple was worth $349bn.
Eight years after Apple was founded, Jobs and Wozniak created the world's first personal computer, the Apple Mac. However, like any great entrepreneur, Jobs career had countless setbacks and in 1985 he was forced out of Apple after an ugly boardroom battle. This was a moment that Jobs would later describe as, "The best thing that could have happened to him."
After leaving Apple, Jobs proved his creative genius again. He bought and revamped Pixar, making the company one of the most respected animation studios in the world. Under Jobs' guidance Pixar created some of the biggest animated hits in cinema history, including Toy Story, Finding Nemo and Monsters Inc.
Contradicting his success at Pixar, Apple had fallen on hard times and was being written off by its competitors. So, eleven years after he was forced out, Jobs returned to Apple. What happened next was one of the most remarkable comebacks in business history.
In the business year ending 1997 Apple was turning over $7.1bn in revenue. Fast-forward to this year and, under Jobs' leadership, Apple pulls in an annual turnover of $65.2bn. It was briefly listed as the most valuable company in the world before being toppled Exxon Mobil.
Jobs was the innovator, driving force and salesman nonpareil of three of Apple's most successful products: the iPhone, iPod and iPad.
The release of the iPod and iTunes completely revolutionised the way we consume music. It resulted in a global collapse of CD sales and made Jobs one of the most powerful men in the music industry.
But it didn't stop there. With Apple already dominating the world of computing and music, Jobs then guided it into the market of smart phones. He orchestrated the release of the iPhone, which like Apple's other gadgets, modernised the whole sector gobbling up swathes of the smartphone market.
After the iPhone, Apple released the iPad. This time the tech giant revolutionised the hand-held tablet market. The iPad has become the benchmark for all competitors.
Job's time at the helm of Apple has resulted in him leaving an estimated $8.3bn in wealth. Despite this, money wasn't the driving force in Jobs life, " Being the richest man in the cemetery doesn't matter to me," he said. Going to bed at night and saying we've done something wonderful. That's what matters to me."
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